How have Africans organized education? Who had access, and what did they learn? We explore the nineteenth and twentieth century transformation of African systems of education, including the significant involvement of African American educational reformers. A focus of the course will be developing the capacity to carry out historical research with written and oral sources. Our topics will include approaches to archival research, ethical research design, and strategies for participant-observation and interviewing. Students must commit to a semester-long collaboration with Springfield's Renaissance School.