AMY cox Hall
visiting assistant professor, DEPARTMENT OF anthropology amherst college
Cooking up Heritage: Food, Race and Modernity in Francisca Baylón’s Peru
This project examines how the Peruvian nation and its heritage have been imagined and constituted around food prior to the recent global commercialization of Peruvian cuisine as a luxury good. It focuses on the 1940s and 1950s, a period of rapid industrialization that coincided with the rise of cookbooks and domestic technologies and appliances. Although recent scholarship has considered the ways in which the current food boom relies on, and perpetuates, class and race hierarchies, there is scant scholarship on the role food has had in shaping national images and identities prior to the boom. African-Peruvian women, who played a fundamental role in developing Peruvian cuisine, have largely been invisible in the historiography. As for the middle and upper class women who hired them as cooks, there is even less analysis. This project addresses these imbalances to understand the ways food, women, and domesticity have been critical to Peru’s national formations.
Amy Cox Hall is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Amherst College with regional specializations in the United States and Peru. Her research has examined a range of topics: early anthropological photography; scientific expeditions, collecting and nation-building in Peru; tourism and heritage politics; food, race and nostalgia; neo-monasticism and ecology. Grants from National Science Foundation, Fulbright, Amherst College, and the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Florida have supported her research.
Cox Hall earned a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology from the University of Florida, an MS in the history of art from the University of Edinburgh, and a BA in political science from UCLA. Her work has appeared in Ethnohistory, History of Photography, Journal of Political Ecology and various edited book collections. Her first book, Framing a Lost City: Science, Photography and the Making of Machu Picchu, will be published in Fall 2017 by University of Texas Press.
JULIE DE CHANTAL
LECTURER, DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST
"Let's Take the Damn Kids to Their School": Boston's Black Mothers and the Desegregation Movement, 1920-1975
Since the 1980s, narratives surrounding the Boston Busing Crisis focus on South Boston white working-class’s reaction to Judge Arthur W. Garrity's forced desegregation order of 1974. Yet, by analyzing the crises from such narrow perspective, the narratives leave out half of the story. This project challenges these narratives by situating the busing crisis as the culmination of more than half a century of grassroots activism led by Black working-class mothers. By taking action at the neighborhood and the city levels, these mothers succeeded where the National Association for the Advancement of the Colored People and the Urban League had failed. This study is the first one to analyze the role of these “ordinary mothers,” who, through their actions and influence, transformed the civil rights leadership in Boston between the 1920s and the mid-1970s.
Julie de Chantal is a lecturer at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She received her PhD from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in May 2016. She earned her Master’s and Bachelor’s degrees in History from the Université de Montréal, in Montréal, Canada. Julie’s dissertation, entitled ““If There Are Men who Are Afraid to Die, There Are Women who Are NOT: African American Women’s Civil Rights Leadership in Boston, 1920-1975,” analyzes the role of Black women in Boston’s civil rights movement from the 1920s to the Busing Crisis in 1974. Her doctoral research was funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the History department, and the Graduate School of the University of Massachusetts.
Julie has presented her work at several conferences in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. She has presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, the Annual Meeting of the Organization of American Historians, the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, and the Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, among others. In 2013, she received the Joyce A. Berkman Endowed Fund in Women’s History and Women’s Studies Award. In 2015, she earned the Ermonian Award for Excellence in Graduate Teaching.
assistant professor, DEPARTMENT OF sociology knox college
What Kind of New?: Leadership, (Mis)Trust, and Redevelopment in Chicago’s New Communities Program
This book project reveals the complex nonprofit fields within Chicago’s poor Black and Latin@/x communities and highlights the tensions between formal nonprofits and informal grassroots organizations. As part of this, it shows the impact that powerful redevelopment intermediaries can have on reshaping the urban landscape and influencing local nonprofits. The manuscript bridges an important gap in the literature to showcase how Black and Latin@/x grassroots organizations, that are overwhelmingly led by women of color, strategically use leadership development and controversial community organizing tactics in an environment of mistrust in order to influence redevelopment initiatives within their neighborhoods. It focuses on the Local Initiative Support Corporation/Chicago’s (LISC/Chicago) New Communities’ Program (NCP) in the Greater Englewood and Little Village neighborhoods. Located on the near Southwest side of Chicago, Little Village is home to one of the largest (both documented and undocumented) Mexican immigrant communities in the Midwest. Located eight miles Southeast of Little Village, is the primarily African-American neighborhood of Greater Englewood. The book project includes 27-months of ethnographic fieldwork, 45 interviews, and analysis of development reports, newspaper articles, and press releases.
A native of Mexican-Chicago, Teresa Irene Gonzales is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Knox College. During the 2017-2018 academic year, she is a Woodrow Wilson Career Enhancement Fellow and a Research Associate at the Five-College Women’s Studies Research Center. Her research focuses on the intersection of organizational theory, urban studies, civic-engagement, and community development within the United States. She believes in community-engaged pedagogy and scholarship, and strives towards a practice of reciprocity in research. Her current book project, which draws on 27 months of ethnographic data, interviews, archival research, and content analysis, bridges an important gap in the literature to showcase how Black and Latin@/x grassroots organizations, that are overwhelmingly led by women of color, strategically use leadership development and controversial community organizing tactics in an environment of mistrust in order to influence redevelopment initiatives within their neighborhoods. Her project highlights the complex, and oftentimes contradictory, political and economic development goals that community organizations encounter when they partner with external intermediary organizations and funders. Her future projects analyze the importance of adult play in creating black and brown counterpublics, and the barriers to inclusion within rural redevelopment initiatives. Her work has appeared in the Journal of Urban Affairs. And, her research has received support from the Woodrow Wilson Foundation, the SSRC-Mellon Mays Graduate Initiatives, the Community Development Society, the U.C. Berkeley Center for Latino Policy Research, and the Hispanic Scholarship Fund. She currently serves on the SSRC-Mellon Mays Graduate Initiative Planning and Advisory Committee.
mary njeri kinyanjui
senior research fellow, institute for development studies university of nairobi
Positioning Women Peasants, Artisans and Traders in the New Global Economy
This research proposes to investigate the positioning of women peasants, traders and artisans in the global economy in the modernization and neoliberal eras. Positioning women peasants, artisans and traders in the global economy entails forcing them to embrace the culture of money and self-regulating markets. Three questions will be answered: Why have women peasants, artisans and traders survived into the 21st century Africa despite the efforts to incorporate them in the global economy? What is the role of their agency, resilience and insurgency in positioning them in the global economy? What are the outcome of women peasants’, artisans’, and traders’ agency, resilience and insurgency in production and exchange, well-being and wealth in their positioning in the global economy? The research is based on case studies of women peasant, artisans and traders drawn from different parts of the country including Kiambu, Machakos, Nairobi, Baringo, Elgeyo Markwet, Kisumu, Kisii, Madera and Kirinyaga.
Mary Njeri Kinyanjui is a senior research fellow at the Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi. She has carried out many research projects in her country Kenya. She started her research by studying the location, structure, role and linkages of large, medium and small enterprises in the central region of Kenya for her MA and PhD degree. As a career researcher at the Institute for Development Studies, she has carried research geared to informing policy on entrepreneurship, barriers to enterprise growth, gender relations in micro and small enterprises, innovation, enterprise clustering and value chains in small enterprise. In 2004, she decided to change her approach to the study of economic informality as sector for survivalist, ‘yet to be’ businesses. She observed that businesses in economic informality are a mode of production dominated by traders, artisans, peasants and fisherfolk. She began by focusing on archival research, orature and case studies to determine the origin, entry, raison detre, relationships, communities, learning, formation of rules and regulations for governing self and deployment of surplus to examine why the mode survives in the 21st century. She also investigated the way traders, artisans, peasants and fisherfolk impact on the city’s housing, culture, journeys to work, and urban politics. She has also been involved in education activism in public schools by working with parents from peasant, traders and artisan background. She has publications in Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Hemisphere, Geographical Review, Journal of East African Development and Research, International Journal of Research and Development. She has published books with Zed Books of London, Nsemia Publisher and Laanga Press. She writes opinions in local dailies and for the World Policy Institute Africa Angle.
Professor, DEPARTMENT OF cultural sciences UNIVERSITY OF southern denmark
Ice Age: Putting Fertility and Menopause on Ice
Reproduction has entered a new preservation age: Denmark is a leader in the freezing and later transplantation of ovarian tissue and elective egg freezing is, in the case of some high-tech companies in the United States, offered as a company perk. This project is grounded in feminist cultural analyses and sociological studies of reproductive temporality discussing the ways that cryopreservation is debated within reproductive politics, ethics as well as is embedded in cultural imaginaries. In the project, I turn to interviews with elective egg freezers and clinicians, legal texts, popular cultural accounts and observational studies to respond to the question of what cultural imaginaries and configurations appear, when eggs and ovarian tissue are put on ice. I pose that elective egg freezing can be viewed as a form of risk management, animated as an opportunity to get ahead in a competitive urban career and love market enabling the production of white, middle-class, straight temporality (fall in love, marriage, have children). In contrast, in the Danish scientific imaginaries, ovarian tissue is dis-entangled from the realm of reproduction and instead re-entangled with the market in women’s health, as transplanted ovarian tissue becomes presented as a solution to putting reproductive ageing (menopause) on ice.
Charlotte Kroløkke is Professor at the University of Southern Denmark with special responsibilities in feminist cultural analyses of reproductive medicine. Charlotte is theoretically informed by feminist cultural analysis, sociology and anthropology and her work has been published in various journals such as The Journal of Consumer Culture, Women’s Studies in Communication, European Journal of Women’s Studies, and Text and Performance Quarterly. She is the author of Global Fluids: The Cultural Politics of Reproductive Waste and Value forthcoming with Berghahn Press.
visiting assistant professor, hampshire college
Launch Productions: The Independent Films of Patricia Montoya
This research will focus on the development stage (script writing and fundraising research), for the following film projects:
- La Niña de La Carta, an animation short about a young woman/spirit in NYC that engages in long solitary, aimless walks in New York City and can’t satisfy her hunger for food and love.
- A Pilgrimage Music Video Documentary into Gloria Anzaldúa’s Borderlands, a visual annotated experimental non-fiction film about the late scholar, poet and social critic, Chicana feminist Gloria Anzaldúa’s theories of sexuality and borderlands using the music video tropes developed by Latina feminist collective Kegels for Hagel (artists and academics Professors Alexis Salas, Visiting Assistant Professor at Hampshire College and Sarah Luna, Visiting Assistant Professor of Latin American Studies at Davidson College).
- Una Mujer Desnuda / A Naked Woman, a short film that fuses elements of classic film noir, modern Latin American theater and quixotic inferences to explore a woman’s perspective on the power of language, the female body and sexuality.
Patricia Montoya is a video maker and educator transplanted to Western Mass via San Diego, California, to which she was transplanted via Brooklyn, NY, in turn transplanted via Queens, NY, from Medellin, Colombia.
In her creative work, Patricia draws on her bi-national identity and her Queer, US/Mexico border and East-West North American experience to tackle the existential conditions and cultural contradictions experienced by immigrants from Latin America who are living in the United States. Her videos address issues of migration, memory and identity through lyrical explorations of text, dialogue, theatrical adaptations and the depiction of intimate human relations within the context of urban landscapes. Patricia is a product of the cultural and political movements of the 1990's, which were characterized by the impetus to express, in a personal voice, and with a sense of urgency, issues of identity and belonging.
She is currently in the developmental stages of various projects including the production of the Power of Words Written, a documentary about cancer survival stories told from the perspective of the members of the writing support group at The Cancer Support Community, Benjamin Center, LA. She is also collaborating in the production of The Real Women of Orange is the New Black, a documentary series co-directed by Carol Skelsky Soto and Braccus Giovanno based on the Netflix series Orange is the New Black.
Montoya holds an MFA from University of California, San Diego and teaches documentary production and various forms of non-fiction, experimental and narrative film and video at Hampshire College.
Dred Feminism: Selected Works of Loretta J. Ross
This project will research the activism of African-American women in the abortion rights movement, highlighting the past 100 years. Many observers mistakenly view African-American women’s struggle for abortion rights and reproductive freedom in the late 20th and early 21st centuries as reflecting a relatively recent commitment. More accurately, this activism should be placed in the context of our historical struggle against racism, sexism, and poverty. African American feminists created a paradigm shift called Reproductive Justice in 1994, which has transformed the politics of the pro-choice movement. This radical intersectional approach based on the global human rights framework compels us to reinterpret what was previously believed about reproduction, racism, and resistance in the lives and activism of Black women in the United States. This research does not attempt to identify an essential Black women’s viewpoint regarding these issues but seeks to provide critical self-consciousness about our positionality, defined as it is by race, gender, class and ideology.
Loretta Ross started her career in the women’s movement in the 1970s, working at the D.C. Rape Crisis Center, NOW (the National Organization for Women), SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive Justice Collective from 1997-2012, the Center for Democratic Renewal/National Anti-Klan Network, the National Center for Human Rights Education, and the National Black Women’s Health Project. She is one of the co-creators of the Reproductive Justice framework in 1994, and has lectured and written extensively on reproductive justice issues, human rights, racism, appropriate whiteness, Calling In the Calling Out Culture, diversity issues, and violence against women. She is the former director of the first rape crisis center in the U.S. in the 1970s, and she was the co-director of the historic 2004 March for Women’s Lives, the biggest protest in U.S. history at that time, with 1.15 million participants. She has worked to deprogram white supremacists in the hate movement, facilitates groups working across identity, political, and affinity differences, and endeavors to build a U.S. based human rights movement focused on human rights violations in the United States.
She is presently writing a book on African American women in the abortion rights movement entitled We Always Resist: Black Abortion and Selected Works. She is the co-author of Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice, a 30-year history published in 2004 of women of color organizations in the movement to protect women’s bodily autonomy and freedom. Her latest book is Reproductive Justice: An Introduction co-written with Rickie Solinger. Her forthcoming book, the SisterSong Anthology Radical Reproductive Justice, will be available November 2017 from Feminist Press. She is a member of the Women's Media Center's Progressive Women's Voices. She has worked with the Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College since 2003 helping to collect oral histories of feminists of color. She has received honorary doctorate degrees from Smith College and Arcadia University. She holds a B.A. from Agnes Scott College in Atlanta.
PhD Candidate, Department of Cultural Studies University of Osnabruck
Dis-placing Access: Feminist Participatory Art as a Tool for Embodied Knowledge Production
This project will conceptualize and implement a series of relational art projects which focus on critical political issues in the field of internal and external displacement. Examples of potential thematic foci are experiences of internal displacement, the gendering of the humanitarian crisis, and global rhetoric as applied to experiential narratives. The series aspires to activate the FCWSRC as a site for fostering creative and participatory critical inquiry and thus weaving inclusive political artistic practice into the intelligent fabric and social architecture of the Center.
PHD CANDIDATE, DEPARTMENT OF english and american STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF massachusetts amherst
The Politics of Feeling and the Work of Belonging: The Racial Politics of Post-Cold War U.S. Immigrant Fiction
This project examines popular Asian and Latin Caribbean diasporic fictions, which have been marketed and taught as US immigrant fiction in the Post-Cold War era. Taking up the work of Jhumpa Lahiri, Julia Alvarez, Junot Díaz, Lan Cao, Achy Obejas, Cristina Garcia, Kiran Desai, and Nora Okja Keller, this project considers how these stories of migration exhume the relationship between US racialization and imperialism through the narrativization of the emotional work of belonging. By utilizing a comparative framework that puts Asian and Latin Caribbean texts in conversation with each other, this research addresses how differentiated histories of US imperialism and capitalist investment abroad shape experiences of national belonging for racialized and gendered migrants in the Post-Cold War US. Ultimately, then, the project explores the importance of literary expression and affective histories of (un)belonging for mainstream political discourses.
Lauren Silber is a PhD candidate in English and American Studies at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Her work integrates queer and feminist theories of emotion and belonging into explorations of migration, race, imperialism, and empire. Lauren has taught courses in composition, gender and sexuality, American studies, and ethnic US literature at the University of Massachusetts, and works one-on-one with students as a Writing Associate at Amherst College. In addition to her work with college communities, Lauren volunteers for Safe Passage, a local Massachusetts organization addressing domestic violence.
VERÓNICA ZEBADÚA YÁÑEZ
PHD CANDIDATE, DEPARTMENT OF POLITICS NEW SCHOOL FOR SOCIAL RESEARCH
On Freedom and Sovereignty: Thinking with Hannah Arendt and Simone de Beauvoir
This project aims to develop a feminist theory of freedom. The concept of freedom has been somewhat neglected by feminist theory in favor of equality, difference, sex/gender, and identity. Appropriating Arendt’s and Beauvoir’s ethical-political vocabularies, it makes the case that freedom should be understood not as a metaphysical property or an abstract right, but as a plural, non-instrumental, and experience-based project.
Engaging with Arendt and Beauvoir to complement and critique each other’s perspectives and to ‘bring freedom back in’ to political theory and feminist political theory, this project shows that Arendt’s and Beauvoir’s main intellectual and political commitment was dismantling and deconstructing the traditional conception of freedom as synonymous with sovereignty. While Arendt provides important insights for analyzing the institutional dimensions of freedom and political forms of organization that are lacking in Beauvoir, she does not address the embodied, subjective, intersubjective, social, and material conditions by which an individual becomes (or fails to become) a political subject. As a result, Arendt does not register, as Beauvoir does, the intimate and political significance of factors such as gender, race, and class for the project of freedom.
Verónica Zebadúa Yáñez is a PhD candidate in politics at the New School for Social Research, New York City. Her areas of specialization are contemporary political theory, feminist theory, and feminist philosophy. She has competence in gender policy and gender justice. Parallel to her graduate studies, she worked at the United Nations system for more than seven years—most recently at the UN entity for gender equality (UN Women)—as a women’s rights and gender-based violence specialist. Verónica will be a full-time Visiting Instructor in the Gender Studies Department at Mount Holyoke College.
PhD Candidate, Department of literature Duke university
Dreaming Woman: Argentine Modernity and the Psychoanalytic Diaspora
This dissertation project decenters Europeanist histories of psychoanalysis by examining the ways in which forced migration has shaped psychoanalytic theories of sexual difference and evolving modes of feminist practice in Latin America. Displacement of Jewish psychoanalysts fleeing European fascism and Stalinism established psychoanalysis as a diasporic enterprise practiced, by the end of WWII, almost entirely in exile from its Continental birthplace. Psychoanalysis took root in Argentina with particular force and endurance, finding early traction in popular culture. Far from occupying a rarefied, elite position in Argentine society, psychoanalysis grew to represent an ordinary fact of everyday life, inflecting the development of local social movements, racial discourses, and sexual identities. As analysts fled Argentine military rule in the 1970’s, encounters with women activists and guerrillas across the Americas forged new relations between psychoanalysis and politics with lasting cultural and clinical impact. This research examines Argentina’s centrality in the development and revitalization of psychoanalysis through an historical archive that includes pop culture artifacts as well as transnational correspondences, clinical case studies, theoretical essays, literature, autobiography, and artwork. These materials share a concern for female sexuality as a national problem—that is, as a problem tied to national identity and as a problem for the nation-state to solve. Each chapter explores how a transnational intellectual encounter influenced regionally specific forms of self-production and social transformation. This project focuses on work by writer Victoria Ocampo, photographer Grete Stern, psychoanalyst Marie Langer, and author Luisa Valenzuela as it engages figures as regionally and intellectually diverse as Melanie Klein, Jacques Lacan, Carl Jung, Margaret Mead, Frantz Fanon, Rabindranath Tagore, and Jacques Derrida.
Rachel Greenspan is a PhD candidate in Literature at Duke University, with a Certificate in Feminist Studies. Her research interests include critical theory, transnational modernism, women’s studies, film and visual culture, intellectual history, and cultural studies. She is Managing Editor of the Journal of Middle East Women's Studies and is currently co-editing a special issue of Polygraph on the theme “Pleasure and Suspicion.” Her writing has appeared in The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, The Comparatist, and Polygraph.
assistant professor, DEPARTMENT OF GENDER, Women, AND SEXUALITY STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
This Modern-Day Slavery: Trafficking, Migration, and Law
This book project analyzes anti-trafficking efforts in the United Kingdom. The phrase “modern-day slavery” captures the primary claim of this agenda, which analogizes East European migration and the transatlantic slave trade. Citing the abolitionist movement as historical antecedent, the UK explains its policy, policing, and profiling of migrants as moral forms of intervention to stop an evil crime. Against the rhetoric of modern-day slavery, this manuscript reconceptualizes East European migration by using core texts on British imperialism (McClintock 1995), British nationalism (Tyler 2013), EU migration (Luibhéid 2002), and migratory sex work (Agustín 2007), in tandem with texts on coalitional politics (Chávez 2014), cultural studies of crime control (Hall et al 1978), and racialization in Europe (El Tayeb 2011). This research interrogates analogies linking slavery in the British Empire with trafficking in Britain and that claim historical continuity between abolition and anti-trafficking efforts. Questioning these conceptual links and criminological agenda, this project provides an alternative account of British connections to slavery, in past and present, in order to reframe the abolitionist narrative and the ties binding Britain to slavery, trafficking, and migration.
Annie Hill is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Gender, Women, and Sexuality Studies at the University of Minnesota. She earned a Ph.D. in Rhetoric from the University of California, Berkeley and has been an Empirical Legal Studies Fellow at Berkeley’s Center for the Study of Law and Society and Visiting Scholar at Cambridge University’s Institute of Criminology. Her primary interest is in socio-legal and cultural studies of sexual violence and sex crimes, focusing on the United Kingdom and United States. She has published in Anti-Trafficking Review, Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, philoSOPHIA, and Review of Communication.
PHD Candidate, DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMherst
Properties of Postsocialist Women's Identity: A Feminist Communication Auto-Ethnography of Sexual Violence in the Former Yugoslavia
This research project analyzes testimony of rape survivors from the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in tandem with my autoethnographic account of rape in the former Yugoslavia to tease out the relationship of sexual violence and gendered property ownership. I focus on the genocidal mass rape in the former Yugoslavia and my own rape in Montenegro to develop a transnational feminist theory of property that resists the dual oppressions of capitalism and patriarchy. This project uses autoethnography to enable identification and potential coalition through my text. The central question is: what types of gender equality are possible when we center (private) property ownership in feminist analysis of the nation, sexual violence, and postsocialism? The research analyzes how the transition from socialism to capitalism frames women’s experiences of sexual violence in the former Yugoslavia. Since the transition is only possible through the socioeconomic seizure of public property to develop new private property markets, the lens of property ownership in postsocialist transition is crucial to my analysis. This project deconstructs women’s experience as male property to envision feminist strategies and resistance to gendered oppression through transnational feminist coalition over the political issue of property.
Jennifer Zenovich is a PhD candidate at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Her research focuses on gender, identity, performance, and property relations in the postsocialist former Yugoslavia.
Assistant Professor, Department of economics ISIK University
The Domestic Violence Law Reform and Gendered Time-Use in the Context of Turkey
The project investigates whether the law on violence against women has shifted the patterns of time-use of Turkish women and men. It focuses on the time spent on paid work and unpaid work, such as maintenance and reproductive tasks, and interactive care. In particular, it examines if a reform in the law against domestic violence has contributed to a more gender egalitarian division of labor in the household.
The main questions of the project examine such connections: Do married women spend less time on maintenance and reproductive housework, interactive care for children and dependent adults, and instead shift their time to paid work? Does the division of labor become more gender egalitarian as the law against domestic violence introduces support women outside of marriage? Or do men act against a progress in women’s rights by exerting more control over women’s time?
The two waves of Time Use Survey conducted before (2007) and after (2014) of the reform in the domestic violence law (2011) provide the quantitative source to analyze these questions.
Dr. Sevinc Rende is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Isik University, Istanbul, Turkey. She is specialized on analysis of social and economic policy interactions in transition and post-conflict societies, with subfields on gender equity and incomplete welfare systems. Her work concentrates on gender-based poverty and the analysis of social insurance systems and transfer schemes in societies in which women are considered to be “welfare dependents” rather than labor market participants. She has served as a member of multi-national, national and regional teams working in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East to assess social conditions and to evaluate programs on poverty and inequality at both national and community levels.