Topics course. Normally offered both fall and spring semesters.: Martin Luther has been called the most important figure in German history. The Protestant Reformation that he initiated in October of 1517 was not just a theological schism in Christian Europe but also had far-reaching political, social and cultural effects on the development of German-speaking lands as well as on Europe as a whole. This course will examine how Luther and the Reformation contributed to the shaping of modern Germany through, among other things, his influence on the development of the modern German language, his status over the centuries as an icon of Germany's nationalism and its "inward turn", as well as his more controversial opinions on society and politics. Conducted in German. Prerequisite: GER 250 or permission of the instructor.