Students explore the interaction between an organism’s physiology and its environment. Topics include changes in climate and resources on physiological processes, with a strong emphasis on plants. Through understanding the physiology of the individual, students are able to understand the physiology of the ecosystem. The lab includes field activities at the MacLeish Field Station, where students gain hands-on experience with sophisticated equipment. There is a strong emphasis on using R studio for data analysis of large data sets. Students become proficient in the art of data visualization, data exploration, and scientific presentations. A course in ecology, organismal biology, environmental science, or permission of the instructor. BIO 355 (lecture) & BIO 356 (lab) must be taken concurrently. Enrollment limit of 20.